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Hurricane Matthew was a devastating category 5 hurricane that tore through the Caribbean and the east coast of the United States during late September and early October 2016, claiming at least 609 lives, and causing $15.09 billion in damages.

The cyclone began life as a tropical wave that emerged from the coast of Africa on September 23. Moving westwards, it was slow to develop due to its rapid forward speed, until a recon flight at around 1500 UTC was able to confirm the existence of a closed low level circulation within the system, it was designated Tropical Storm Matthew.

Still struggling to maintain a low level circulation as shear increased over the system whilst nearing the Lesser Antilles, Matthew was slow to intensify, and by 1800 UTC the following day, the system had become a hurricane, and began what would eventually be described as being an impressive rate of intensification, which brought the system to category 5 strength by 0000 UTC on July 1 whilst the cyclone was located near the ABC Islands. During Matthew's impressive intensification, a band of intense, most likely supercellular in nature storms developed on the eastern side of the system, allowing for the hurricane to remain immune to shear. However, 12 hours later, Matthew began an eyewall replacement cycle that caused it to weaken to a category 4 hurricane, in which the system was able to maintain until landfall in Haiti on October 4.

After moving inland Haiti around 1200 UTC, Matthew succumbed to land interaction, and made landfall in Cuba around 2100 UTC as a mid end category 4, before weakening briefly to a category 3 hurricane as it passed through the Bahamas on October 6. Moving about 7 miles offshore Florida, much of the eyewall brought 100 mph+ wins to the Florida coastline, causing extensive damage in the process. on October 8, Matthew made landfall in South Carolina as a mid range category 1 hurricane, before turning extratropical the following day as it began to merge with another frontal system to its north.

SSHWS category 1-min winds Pressure Location Date and time ACE generated
Tropical Storm 60 mph 1009 mbar 13.4N, 59.8W 28/09/2016 1200 UTC 0.2500
Tropical Storm 60 mph 1008 mbar 13.6N, 61.2W 28/09/2016 1800 UTC 0.2500
Tropical Storm 65 mph 1004 mbar 13.9N, 62.6W 29/09/2016 0000 UTC 0.3025
Tropical Storm 65 mph 1002 mbar 14.0N, 64.0W 29/09/2016 0600 UTC 0.3025
Tropical Storm 70 mph 995 mbar 14.1N, 65.5W 29/09/2016 1200 UTC 0.3600
Category 1 hurricane 75 mph 993 mbar 14.2N, 66.9W 29/09/2016 1800 UTC 0.4225
Category 1 hurricane 80 mph 987 mbar 14.2N, 68.1W 30/09/2016 0000 UTC 0.4900
Category 2 hurricane 100 mph 979 mbar 14.0N, 69.3W 30/09/2016 0600 UTC 0.7225
Category 3 hurricane 115 mph 987 mbar 13.8N, 70.4W 30/09/2016 1200 UTC 1.0000
Category 4 hurricane 140 mph 955 mbar 13.5N, 71.2W 30/09/2016 1800 UTC 1.4400
Category 5 hurricane 165 mph 940 mbar 13.4N, 71.9W 01/10/2016 0000 UTC 2.1025
Category 5 hurricane 160 mph 942 mbar 13.4N, 72.5W 01/10/2016 0600 UTC 1.9600
Category 4 hurricane 155 mph 944 mbar 13.4N, 73.1W 01/10/2016 1200 UTC 1.8225
Category 4 hurricane 150 mph 942 mbar 13.4N, 73.3W 01/10/2016 1800 UTC 1.6900
Category 4 hurricane 155 mph 940 mbar 13.5N, 73.5W 02/10/2016 0000 UTC 1.8225
Category 4 hurricane 150 mph 941 mbar 13.7N, 73.9W 02/10/2016 0600 UTC 1.6900
Category 4 hurricane 150 mph 947 mbar 14.0N, 74.3W 02/10/2016 1200 UTC 1.6900
Category 4 hurricane 155 mph 945 mbar 14.2N, 74.7W 02/10/2016 1800 UTC 1.8225
Category 4 hurricane 145 mph 944 mbar 14.5N, 75.0W 03/10/2016 0000 UTC 1.5625
Category 4 hurricane 145 mph 942 mbar 14.9N, 75.0W 03/10/2016 0600 UTC 1.5625
Category 4 hurricane 140 mph 941 mbar 15.4N, 75.0W 03/10/2016 1200 UTC 1.4400
Category 4 hurricane 150 mph 938 mbar 15.9N, 74.9W 03/10/2016 1800 UTC 1.6900
Category 4 hurricane 155 mph 934 mbar 16.6N, 74.6W 04/10/2016 0000 UTC 1.8225
Category 4 hurricane 155 mph 932 mbar 17.5N, 74.4W 04/10/2016 0600 UTC 1.8225
Category 4 hurricane 145 mph 937 mbar 18.4N, 74.3W 04/10/2016 1200 UTC 1.5625
Category 4 hurricane 130 mph 947 mbar 19.3N, 74.3W 04/10/2016 1800 UTC 1.3225
Category 3 hurricane 125 mph 949 mbar 20.1N, 74.4W 05/10/2016 0000 UTC 1.2100
Category 3 hurricane 120 mph 960 mbar 20.7N, 74.4W 05/10/2016 0600 UTC 1.0025
Category 3 hurricane 115 mph 962 mbar 21.4N, 74.8W 05/10/2016 1200 UTC 1.0000
Category 3 hurricane 115 mph 963 mbar 22.2N, 75.4W 05/10/2016 1800 UTC 1.0000
Category 3 hurricane 120 mph 960 mbar 23.0N, 76.0W 06/10/2016 0000 UTC 1.0025
Category 3 hurricane 125 mph 952 mbar 23.8N, 76.7W 06/10/2016 0600 UTC 1.2100
Category 4 hurricane 140 mph 937 mbar 24.7N, 77.5W 06/10/2016 1200 UTC 1.4400
Category 4 hurricane 140 mph 937 mbar 25.7N, 78.3W 06/10/2016 1800 UTC 1.4400
Category 4 hurricane 130 mph 937 mbar 26.7N, 79.0W 07/10/2016 0000 UTC 1.3225
Category 3 hurricane 125 mph 939 mbar 27.7N, 79.7W 07/10/2016 0600 UTC 1.2100
Category 3 hurricane 120 mph 944 mbar 28.9N, 80.3W 07/10/2016 1200 UTC 1.0025
Category 3 hurricane 115 mph 936 mbar 29.7N, 80.7W 07/10/2016 1800 UTC 1.0000
Category 2 hurricane 110 mph 949 mbar 30.7N, 80.6W 08/10/2016 0000 UTC 0.9025
Category 2 hurricane 100 mph 953 mbar 31.6N, 80.6W 08/10/2016 0600 UTC 0.7225
Category 1 hurricane 90 mph 963 mbar 32.5N, 79.9W 08/10/2016 1200 UTC 0.6400
Category 1 hurricane 80 mph 973 mbar 33.5N, 79.0W 08/10/2016 1800 UTC 0.4900
Category 1 hurricane 80 mph 973 mbar 33.5N, 79.0W 08/10/2016 1200 UTC 0.4900
Category 1 hurricane 80 mph 981 mbar 33.9N, 77.3W 09/10/2016 0000 UTC 0.4900
Category 1 hurricane 80 mph 983 mbar 34.7N, 76.0W 09/10/2016 0600 UTC 0.4900
Total ACE 50.5700

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